Subscribe this Blog

Enter your email address:

Delivered by FeedBurner

Followers

Sunday, March 8, 2015

IT TERMINOLOGY



Applet
A Java program embedded in web page
Archie
A program to find files on FTP servers
Avatar
A character representing an internet user
Backbone
Network mainline carrying data to smaller lines
Bandwidth
Amount of data sent through network
Bit
Smallest piece of information, that is, either 1 or 0
Bluetooth
A short range wireless technology to connect electronic devices
Boot
To start a computer
Byte
Sequence of information bits, which equals 8 bits
Cache
Technically classifying, it stores recently visited web addresses, web pages in hard disk/RAM/near processor, depending on cache types, for fast retrieval
Captcha
Response test that shows if the user is human or not
Centronics
36 pin parallel interface standard
Computer
A machine that computes and is programmable
Cookie
It is an internet term where the web server sent data records your activities on websites. Some websites record & remember information like your username and password, so you don’t have to type them again.
Crop
Removing part of an image or photo
Cyber Bullying
Harassing or threatening the young via cyberspace
Cyber Squatter
Someone registering a domain name (without web pages) to sell it
Default
When a user does not specify a setting, a preset value is used
Degauss
Removing magnetism from a device
Digital
Data represented in a series of zeros and ones
DirectX
Mostly used in video games, it is a set of commands
Domain
Network and computers connected to internet
Domain Name
Website name
Driver
A file that aids computer to connect with the hardware device
Dual-Core
A CPU that has 2 processors in a chip
Embed
Adding something from one document to another
Emoticons
Text based faces/objects
Encryption
Conversion of data into unreadable state
Ethernet
A networking connection that uses coaxial cables
Exabyte
Unit of data storage equalling to 2 to 60th power bytes
Fiber Optic
Transmits information faster than copper wire
File Sharing
Way of giving same file to many users by one server
Firewire
High speed interface for connecting digital/electronic players to computers
Firmware
Software programmed into hardware
Flash Drive
Data storage device with less units
Gigabyte (GB)
Equals 1024 megabytes
Gigahertz
Measurement for computer processing speed. 1 gigahertz =1000 megahertz
Gnutella
Internet file sharing network
Golden Master
Final version of software program sent to make retail copies
Hacker
A sly person who gains illegal access to other people’s computers
Hard Copy
A document that is printed
Hardware
Internal and external physical parts of a computer system
Heat Sink
A metal alloy that absorbs heat from the processor
Host
A network computer that acts as a server to other computers
Icon
A tiny display representing files and folders
Infrared
Red light invisible to naked eye and used in some wireless devices
Integrated Circuit
A semiconductor chip
Internet
A super highway network that connects smaller networks
Intranet
Internal network within an organisation
IP Address
It is internet protocol numbers ranging from 0 to 255 and separated by 3 dots. It is assigned to a computer connected to internet by Internet Service Provider (ISP).
Iteration
Program process repetition
JavaScript
A scripting language developed by Sun Microsystems
Joystick
A device consisting of base and stick used in video games
Jumper
Metal bridge to close electrical circuit
Kerberos
Used to give secure network authentication
Kernel
The foundation layer of an operating system
Keygen
Key generator that automatically generates  a registration or serial #
Keylogger
Keystrokes recording program that could be used by a hacker to find out passwords
Kibibyte (KiB)
Exact units of 1024 bytes
Kilobyte (KB)
Estimated 1000 bytes or 1024 bytes depending on the content in use. Hence, kilobyte has ambiguous units.
LAN
Local area network that covers a small area
Leaf
A file in hard disk
Limewire
A free software that allows network users to share files
Linkedin
Business social networking site
Linux
Operating system developed by Linus Torvalds. It is a popular OS for hosting web servers.
Macro
A command/script in form of a key or symbol
Mainframe
Big powerful computer processing mammoth volume at high speed
Malware
Programs like virus & Trojanintended to damage computers
Media
Data storage hardware like DVD, CD, HD
Meta Tag
Tool to store details like keywords & contents of a web page
Memory Stick
Sony’s flash memory cards
Name Server
Web domain is referred to IP address by name server
Nanosecond
A billionth of a second
Network
A system of connected computers that send and receive data
Node
Anything connected to a network
Null Value
Something that has no value in programming
Offline
State of computer devices that are neither turned on nor connected
Online
State of computer devices that are turned on and connected
Operating System(OS)
The significant program that runs the computer hardware
Oracle
Database management program developed by Oracle Corporation
Overclock
Technique to run a microprocessor faster than intended
Packet
Amount of data sent from source to destination
Path
Address of file
Peer to Peer (P2P)
Connected workstations sharing files without a central server
Peripheral
Any device attached to computer externally
Phishing (i.e. Password harvesting fishing)
Attempting to garner personal information via emails that seem genuine from banking and popular websites
Primary Key
A value that mainly identifies a record in a table
Quad-Core
CPU having 4 separate processors in a chip
Query
Request of a database in computer
Queue
Series of tasks waiting to be done by programs
QWERTY
Denotes standard keyboard because Q,W,E,R,T,Y keys are side by side in the upper left row
Random Access Memory (RAM)
Memory cells that make up memory module. Data is always loaded from hard disk to RAM since it is faster to read from it. The best method to make your computer work faster is to increase its RAM.  
Raw Data
Data that is not processed
Read-only Memory (ROM)
Memory storing hardware information that is not lost when power is turned off
Real Time
The moment, data is received, it is processed
Reboot
To restart
Registry
Database storing set up, software and hardware configuration information in Windows OS
Router
A device connecting one local area network to another
Script
A series of commands performed by a program
Serial Port
Interface or connection to peripherals
Server
Mainframe computer that serves other attached computers
Shadowing
Method of using high speed RAM to make computer to work faster
Simplex
Circuit that can either transmit or receive
Software
A code or program that is read by computer
Spam
Unnecessary emails
Static
Non interactive web page
System
Comprehensive inclusion of hardware, software & firmware items
Terabyte (TB)
One trillion bytes
Terminal
An internet computer screen
Throughout
Data amount processed in a given time
Topology
Physical and logical set up of a network
Trojan
Dangerous virus loaded deceptively through a host program
Undo
A command to cancel previous action
Universal Resource Locator (URL)
Another term for internet address
Universal Serial Bus (USB)
Computer port that is faster
Unix
Web server operating system developed by AT & T
Upload
To transfer files from local computer to web server/network
Virtual Memory
Memory generated by  hard disk sectors when RAM is full
Virtual Reality
Computer created illusion of reality
Virus
A code or program designed to replicate and damage computers
Wave
Microsoft’s waveform sound format
Weblog
A personal journal or blog on the web
Workstation
Any computer attached to internet
X2
Technology to send higher data rates on old phone system
XMS(Extended Memory Specification)
Procedure for using extended memory & area  of disk operating system (DOS)
Y2K
Year 2000; the predicted Millennium Bug that flopped
Yottabyte (YB)
Largest data storage unit, i.e. 1,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 bytes
Zero Day Exploit
Computer security loophole issue & attack on it are known on same day. Zero day left to release patch to fix it.
Zettabyte (ZB)
1,000, 000, 000, 000, 000, 000, 000 bytes
Zipping
Compressing files to save space
Zune
Digital music entertainment developed by Microsoft

No comments:

Total Pageviews

Click to Read More

“GENERAL AWARENESS” +2 result 2014 +2 result May 08 +2 Results to be announced on May 9 2013 2013 state film awards accenture air force jobs india airforce jobs airtel algorithm android android gk android quiz Answer Key : Junior Assistant Grade II Company/ Corp / LDC ( 490/2011 ) - 13/07/2013 Answer key : LDC 2013 Kasargod answer key jail warden july 17 2012 answer key si exam 2014 answer key Solved Question paper of SPECIAL BRANCH ASSISTANT - S.B.C.I.D - CATNO - 347-12 Held on 26/10/2013 Answer key thrissur ldc 2013 Answer key university Asst exam 2016 answer key veo exam kozhikode answer key wayanad district ldc 2014 apple assistant auditor brilliance answer key. ASSISTANT GRADE II KERALA STATE HOUSING BOARD questions atlas moth Kerala Audio CD avatar award 2010 awards and prize ayurveda medical officer vacancies BANK JOBS best actress beverage PSC Exam Beverages bmrcl model questions books and authors brilliance brilliance answer key brilliance secretariat answer key . brilliant answer key Brilliant entrance bsnl tablet phone Btech engineers wanted calicut university allotment 2013 Calicut University Asst Grade Answer Key CAPE questions careers indian airforce Catagory 489/2011 Junior Assistant Exam Grade II CDS CDS Exam 2013 chemistry questions china civil excise officer answer key coast guard career 2012 combined Defence Service combined graduate level (tier-i) examination 2013. computer blog COMPUTER GK computer jargons computer notes Computer Questions computer science group computer science paper 3 net june 24. Computer Science Question Bank computer teacher conductor conductor test answer key constable answer keys correspondance Cricket records current affairs current affairs 2013 current affairs 2014 current affairs question for psc sec asst exam cut off mark asst grade 13/7/2013 cut off marks CWE Clerk Exam Result cyber law for secretariat assistant exam cyber law sections Data Entry delhi teacher vacancies Dena Bank dhse result 2013 dhsekerala.gov.in Direction Arivinte Pedakam direction calicut Direction calicut bank coaching direction coaching calicut Doctors recruitment in large scale double medalist indian Doubtful Questions in Computer Science Electrical Engineering Radio Engineering Computer Engineering Instruments Technology Information Technology M.Sc. (Electronics) english video cd exam alert exam notifications excise inspector answer key facebook psc group farook college Father of FCI Jobs Female warden field worker solved questions today final rank list Fire and Rescue Services gandhi quiz in malayalam. general english gk gk 2012 gk nick name GK Questions GK Today : subject of today's google doodle gk update for psc sec assistant exam 2012 jan Google Adwords recruitment gulf university jobs HALL TICKET DOWNLOAD ALERT Haryana PSC Health Inspector higher secondary teacher history hsst gk questions housing board assistant answer key. hpsc hse result 2012 hsst HSST Computer hsst computer application hsst computer application 2012 exam hsst computer guide download hsst computer science hsst computer science answer key 2012 hsst computer science coaching online hsst cs search result hsst economics http://dhsekerala.gov.in/ http://www.secretariatassistant.com/ IBM Recruitment ibps IBPS CLERK ibps clerk result 2012 IBPS CWE PO SECOND ibps online ibps po ibps rural banks IBPS Score card ICT PROJECT ICT vacancies idea IFS india thozhilvartha Infosys instruction to fill online application inventions gk ipv6.0 release IT IT and Cyber law Questions IT and cyberlaw questions IT Jobs IT QUESTIONS IT Questions for secretariat assistant exam IT Quiz IT Quiz 2012 IT Quiz College IT Quiz HSS ITBP jail warden JOBS UPSC kannur keam medical result 2012 Kendriya vidyalaya vacancies kerala medical engineering exam 2013 result checking kerala plus two results 2013 kerala postal assistant previous question paper kerala psc Kerala psc : lecturer exam : Free Study material and syllabus kerala psc accountant kerala psc ebook kerala psc exam computer syllabi kerala psc exam notification alert kerala psc exam syllabus kerala psc last grade exam 2014 Kerala PSC LGS Questions kerala psc news kerala psc notifications kerala psc previous questions kerala psc questions Kerala PSC Questions and Answers Kerala psc questions malayalam kerala psc questions solved Kerala PSC University Assistant Exam Notification 2016 kerala psc VEO Questions kerala sarkari kerala sarkari naukri kerala thozhilvartha keralapsc ldc kochi metro jobs 2013 kollam kannur ldc 2013 answer key kottayam kpsc kpsc hsa kpsc HSA previous and model questions kpsc ldc ranklist kpsc pharmacist kpsc police constable exam solved paper 23/6/2012 KPSC Questions kseb ksrtc ksrtc questions ksrtc questions 2012 KTET Result 2012 KWA LDC Questions lab assistant last grade 2014 questions last grade exam preparation tips LAST GRADE ONLINE COACHING last grade psc questions last psc online application 2010 LD Clerk Kozhikode Short List LD clerk main list LD Clerk short list LDC ldc Thrissur 2013 Questions LDC 2011 Cut off LDC 2013 Pathanamthitta Questions ldc answer key ldc arivinte pedakam download ldc gk ldc kannur answer key 2013 LDC Kollam Answer Key 2013 ldc kozhikode crash course 2014 ldc kozhikode top rank holders 2012 LDC Ranklist ldc score LDC supplementary list 2011 2012 leap year gk lecturer LGS Exam kerala psc LGS exam orientation programme LGS EXAM PAPER LGS Question and answers LGS Questions and answers list of kerala ministers mainlist malayalam malayalam psc ldc questions free download malayalam questions MCA ENTRANCE MCA ENTRANCE COMPUTER AWARENESS QUESTIONS MCA SYLLABI metro rail jobs Miscellaneous Quiz Questions 2012 MNC jobs mock test model psc ldc MTS POST OFFICE APPLICATION FORMAT Name of Post: Junior Assistant/Cashier/Assistant Grade 2/Junior Clerk Category Number: 489/2011 Department: KSFE LTD National Film Awards 2012 NCRE NET Exam 2012 Questions and answerkey available new pattern new pattern ldc model questions NIMCET NIMHANS jobs Nobel prize GK NORKA ROOTS : Phone Numbers notifications ODEPC RECRUITMENT ODEPC WEBSITE olympics 2012 news update service one time registration one word questions online psc online question bank oracle origami gk oscar 2010 awards oscar 2012 awards oscar live stream palakkad param pharmacist psc questions pharmacist vacancies pharmacist vacancy plus two questions postal assist sorting asst answer key 2014 postal assistant postal assistant / sorting assistant exam 2014 postal assistant 2013 Questions postal assistant exam pattern and syllabus postal assistant notification 2012 -13 postal assistant solved papers postal coaching previous ldc question probationary officer Probationary Officers psc answer key psc computer questions psc current affairs psc current affairs questions PSC Data Entry Operator Vacancies psc distance education programmes PSC DISTRICT AND REGIONAL OFFICES ADDRESS PHONE NUMBER psc exam alert psc exam CD psc exam coaching psc exam computer questions psc exam forester psc exam notification PSC Exam questions PSC Exam Search Engine psc exams psc Excise Preventive Officer questions psc gk PSC LAST GRADE QUESTIONS psc ldc app download PSC LDC MATHS QUESTIONS psc malayalam questions psc mock exam psc mock test psc model quetions ladc exam PSC NOTIFICATIONS psc online psc pharmacist notification PSC Question in Malayalam PSC Questionaire psc questions PSC Questions GK psc rank lists psc science gk questions PSC Secretariat Assistant Exam 2013 PSC SMS PSC Solved Question Paper 2013 PSC Trainer Kit. psc training psconline psctrainer QBLP questionbank questions about cyber laws with answers for assistant exam. quiz cricket Quiz environment Quiz HSS Quiz software RAILWAY RankMaker RankMaker 3.0 RankMaker 4.0 RankMaker Software RBI Assistant 525 vacancy Reserve conductor May 26 kerala psc questions and answers in malayalam RESERVE CONDUCTOR SOLVED PAPER RPSC RRB sachin sail india jobs sailor 2013 sarkari jobs sarkari-naukri 2012 science objective questions scientific officer question papers sebi vacancies sec asst cutt off mark sec asst exam Question paper and Answer keuy 2015 secone phase ksrtc test kollam secretariat assistant exam questions. secretariat assistant exam. Secretariat Asst : IT and Cyber Law Questions Secretariat Asst Solved Papers 2015 short list Shwetha menon SI of Police Questions si previous questions slogans / mottos of wipro solved paper solved paper kannur kollam districts solved paper ldc questions Solved Question paper Solved Question paper of High Court Assistant solved question paper university asst exam 24-05-1976 solved question papers computer operator. solved questions paper sec asst exam 8/6/2013 sorting assistant spoken engllish ssc job vacancy ssc pre result 2012 sslc result study material free download super computer of india syllabi syllabus TCS Teacher Maldives teacher vacancies THRISSUR CORPORATION ETC. tnpsc tamilnadu psc librarian college education Trivandrum ugc ugc answer key Dec 2012 ugc answer key june 2012 ugc net ugc net 2013 june answer key ugc net cs ugc net dec 2012 exam centres ugc net dec 2012 exam centres allotted ugc net exam user feedback on answer key ugc net june 2012 ugc net preparation UKPSC UN Jobs Uniform forces Questions UNITED INDIA INSURANCE COMPANY LIMITED (UIIC) universities in india University asst exam model questions university asst exam solved paper 24-05-2016 update rankmaker URLs VEO questions answer key VHSE REsults 2013 video cd voccational instructor in computer application 95/2011 answer key. Walter Lewin lectures who is the father of artificial intelligence ? who is the father of computer science ? Who's Who ? women police constable solved paper Yathra YPP

LinkWithin

Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...

Disclaimer : Blog Policies

This blog publishes various general knowledge. errors and omissions expected. The Knowledge documents in this blog meant only to increase the general awareness of the readers. If any of the information available on this blog violates or infringes any of your copyright protection, leave a comment . This blog makes no representations as to accuracy, completeness, correctness or validity of any information on this site and will not be liable for any errors, or delays in this information. The information contained in this blog is subject to change without notice. You may use contents in this blog only for personal use. Reproduction and republishing of any contents from here to any other websites or blogs is strictly prohibited.