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Wednesday, October 31, 2012

Advertisement for recruitment of Constable (Technical/ Tradesman) in Central Reserve Police Force : Kerala : 61 posts

Applications in prescribed format are invited from Male/ Female Indian Citizens ordinarily resident of the States of Maharashtra, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamilnadu and Kerala  to fill up the vacancies in the rank ofConstable (Technical/Tradesmen) i.e., Driver / Fitter / Bugler / Tailor / Brass Band / Cobbler / Carpenter / Gardener / Painter / Cook / Water Carrier / Safai Karamchari / Barber / Washer Men/Women  in Central Reserve Police Force. : 

  • Constable (Technical/ Tradesman) :
    • Maharashtra 184  posts
    • Gujarat : 95 posts
    • Andhra Pradesh : 199 posts
    • Tamilnadu : 165 posts
    • Karnataka : 115 posts
    • Kerala :  61 posts
Age : 18-23 years as on 01/08/2012.

Pay Scale : Rs. 5200 – 20200 Plus Grade Pay of Rs. 2000/- 

Application Fee : Application fee of Rs. 50/- in the form of Indian Postal Order duly crossed/ Demand Draft/ Banker’s Cheque in favour of DIG, Group Centre, CRPF of concerned Application Receiving Centres identified for their respective States  be sent by General and OBC candidates along with the application form. No application fee is required to be paid by SC/ST candidates,Ex-Servicemen and Mahila candidates. 

How to Apply : Eligible and desirous candidates, who fulfill eligibility conditions, may send their application in the prescribed proforma duly typed or neatly hand written and filled up in all respects on full-scap paper, affixing latest passport size photograph duly attested on application at the space prescribed for the purpose and two self addressed envelops of 4” x 9” size with Rs. 22/- postage stamps affixed thereon, to the DIG, Group Centre, CRPF of concerned Applications Receiving Centres as mentioned in detailed advt. on or before the last prescribed date i.e. 26/11/2012 super scribing on the envelop “APPLICATION FOR THE POST OF CONSTABLE
(TECHNICAL/TRADESMEN)–2012” by any available means of post.

For complete detail of the advertisement for information like selection process, eligibility criteria, how to apply, certificates to attach with application form and Application Form, please see

Tuesday, October 30, 2012

Kerala PSC Questions and Answers

Kerala PSC Questions and Answers

 Q? : Chief Justice of India 
Ans: Altamas Kabir 

3472 Q? : The surviving victims of the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki are called
Ans: Hibakusha

3471 Q? : Who crowned Miss World 2012 contest held at Beijing 
Ans: Wenxia Yu

3470 Q? : The prime minister of Ethiopia who passed away recently
Ans: Meles Zenawi

3469 Q? : The book 'Pax Indica' associated with
Ans: Sasi Tharoor

3468 Q? : The nation known as formosa is 
Ans: Taiwan

More >>

Sunday, October 28, 2012

Clerk : 662 posts @ Andhra Bank

Andhra Bank, A Leading Public Sector Bank invites applications for the Clerical Cadre posts, from Indian citizens who have taken the Common Written Examination (CWE) for Clerical cadre conducted by IBPS in 2011-12 and have a valid Score card issued by IBPS : 
    • Clerk : 662 posts in various states (UR-354, OBC-154, SC-101, ST-46) (Ex.SM-123, PH-27), Pay scale : Rs. 7200 - 19300, Age : 18-28 years
    Application Fee : The fees Rs.150/- (Rs.50/- for SC/ST/PWD/Ex.SM)  to be deposited at CBS at any of the Branches of Andhra Bank, by means of a Payment challan OR (ii) Through NEFT at any Bank branch.

    Candidates who have remitted the requisite application fees / intimation charges and applied earlier in response to the Bank‟s notification dated 21.04.2012 for 600 vacancies and who have not been called for interview can apply against the additional 850 vacancies without remitting the application fees / intimation charges. Fresh applicants are required to apply online and remit the requisite application fees / intimation charges.

    How to Apply : Apply Online at Andhra Bank website from27/10/2012 to 10/11/2012 only.

    All other details along with online application format is available at

    Wednesday, October 24, 2012


    RankMaker Video Lesson Series - I for PSC Examinations

    Hi Readers..

    Finally we published some useful videos in youtube for preparing various upcoming psc examinations 
    Please share your views and comments for these videos to make it more useful in future. Also dont forget to share this video lessons with your friends also.

    Hope you will like these videos.

    See the video lessons here.

    Best Wishes
    PSCTrainer Team


    14/12/2012 Friday 08.00 AM  to 09.15 AM
    Syllabus:  An Objective Type Test  (OMR Valuation)  based
    on the qualification prescribed for the post.
    (Maximum Marks : 100)
    (Duration: 1.15 Hours)
    (Medium of Questions: English)
    Candidates can download the Admission Tickets through the Website from  23/11/2012 onwards.

    Friday, October 19, 2012

    secretariat assistant exam information technology objective questions.

    Q . Keyboard designed to reduce the risk of wrist and hand injuries.
    1) ANSI Keyboard 2) Qwerty Keyboard 3)Ergonomic Keyboard 4) Virtual Keyboard

    Q. Eudora is a
    1) e-mail client 2) web editor 3) File compression utility 4)Anti Virus

    Q. Unsolicited bulk emails received from unknown source are called
    1) captcha 2) worms 3) Trojan 4) spam

    4.Symbol used to represent ‘decision making ’ in a flowchart
    1) Oval 2) Circle 3) parallelogram 4) Rhombus

    5.Process of finding useful pattern from a huge database is known as
    1) Redundancy 2)Data Mining 3)Data digging 4)Normalization

    6. User defined tags are possible using
    1) HTML 2)DHTML 3)WML 4)XML

    7. Table maintained by operating system to manage disk space used for file storage
    1)FAT 2)space table 3)TAT 4)Index table

    8. Symbol used to make an absolute reference to column in MS Excel
    1)$ 2)@ 3)# 4)&

    9. What does pixel means
    1)Picture element 2)Storage unit 3)speed factor 4)None of these

    10.SEO technics, attempt unfairly to redirect search results to a particular target page
    1.Spoofing 2.Spamdexing 3.Optimizing 4.Querying

    11.The terms SaaS and PaaS related to
    1.Data Security 2.MS Office 3.Cloud computing 4.Artificial Intelligence

    12. "STORED PROGRAM CONCEPT " Postulated By
    a. Richard Stalman b. Henry Dunant c. Pascal d. John von neumann

    13. Founder of the social networking website 'Facebook'
    a. Mark Elliot Zuckerberg b. Henry Dunant c. Pascal d. John von neumann

    Answer Key 


    05/12/2012 Wednesday
    08.00 AM  to 09.15 AM

    Syllabus:  An Objective Type Test (OMR Valuation) based on the qualification prescribed for the post
    (Maximum Marks : 100)
    (Duration: 1.15 Hours)
    ( Medium of Questions: English)
    Candidates can download the Admission Tickets through the Website from 14/11/2012

    Wednesday, October 17, 2012

    National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) : Vacancies

    NCERT, which is an an apex organisation of Min. of HRD for Educational Research, Teacher Training and Development of Curriculum and Training material in school education, invites applications for various academic positions for its constituents all over India. :

    1. Professor : 20 posts (UR-10, SC-02, ST-01, OBC-07) in various subjects, Pay Scale : Rs. 37400 - 67000 with AGP 10000
    2. Associate Professor : 39 posts (UR-20, SC-4, ST-2, OBC-13) in various subjects, Pay Scale : Rs. 37400 - 67000 with AGP 9000
    3. Assistant Professor : 81 posts (UR -31, SC-10, ST-7, OBC-33 ) in various subjects, Pay Scale : Rs. 15600 - 39100 with AGP  6000
    4. Librarian : 01 post,  Pay Scale : Rs. 37400 - 67000 with AGP 10000
    5. Nursery School Teacher : 02 posts, Pay Scale :  Rs.9300 - Rs.34800 with GP Rs.4200
    6. Headmaster (on deputation) : 01 post, Pay Scale :  Rs.15600 – Rs. 39100 with GP Rs. 7600
    7. Post Graduate Teacher (PGT) : 10 posts (4 UR, 1 SC, 5 OBC), Pay Scale : Rs. 9300 – Rs. 34800 with GP Rs.4800
    How to Apply : The application in the prescribed format with recent photogrph, attested copies of certificates including and prescribed fee of Rs. 500/- (Rs. 250/- for OBC/SC/ST/PWD/ Women and NCERT employee) through Bank DD in favour of Secretary, NCERT payable New Delhi should be submitted on or before 14/11/2012  to the Section Officer, Recruitment-I Section, Room No. 13, 5th Floor, ZH Block, NCERT, Sri Aurobindo Marg, New Delhi-110016


     psc 2012 junior instructor computer operator and programming assistant exam answer key.

    Tuesday, October 16, 2012


    Find out the answers for the below Questions

    1. Artificial Intelligence based application developed by Apple for its iphone

    2. Who got Allan Turing Award recently ?

    3. Jelly bean is a new version of _______?

    4. What is Mechatronics ?

    5. The term Spamdexing means ?


    More Questions >> 

    HSST Computer Science / Application : Reported Vacancies

    How many vacancies are reported to PSC ? Have any idea.
    If you have any information regarding this please post it as comment here.

    Monday, October 15, 2012

    Recruitment of Specialist Officer in Indian Overseas Bank (IOB) 2012

    Indian Overseas Bank, a leading Public Sector Bank invites Online applications from Indian Citizens for recruitment  for various Specialist Officers positions, who have taken the Common Written Examination (CWE) for Recruitment of Specialist Officers conducted by IBPS on March 2012 and obtained a valid Score Card and who meet the eligibility criteria mentioned in this notification below. Candidates are required to apply through Bank’s :

      • Specialist Officer :  387 posts 
        1. Agricultural Field Officer : 337 posts
        2. Rajbhasha Adhikari : 20 posts
        3. Law Officer : 10 posts
        4. HR/ Personnel Officer : 10 posts
        5. Law Officer : 10 posts in MMGS-II 
      Application Fee : Rs.100/- (Rs.20/- for SC/ST/PWD candidates) in cash at the any of the IOB and take candidate's copy of Payment Receipt Challan.

      How to Apply : Apply Online at IOB web site between16/10/2012 and 31/10/2012

      Kindly visit for all the details and online submission of application.

      Sunday, October 14, 2012


      Agricultural Scientists’ Recruitment Board (ASRB) will hold on20/01/2013, a NET Examination – 2012.

      NET is a qualifying examination for determining eligibility for Lecturer / Assistant Professor in the State Agricultural Universities (SAUs) and other Agricultural Universities (AUs). Candidates clearing the National Eligibility Test will be eligible for Lecturers or Assistant Professors in the SAUs/AUs. NET Certificates will be issued to the candidates by the A.S.R.B. to the qualified candidates to enable them to apply against vacancies to be notified or advertised by the State Agricultural Universities. SAUs/AUs will consider their eligibility through interview or any such other tests as devised for recruitment of Lecturers or Assistant Professors.

      • NET : Qualification : A candidate must possess a Master’s degree or equivalent in the concerned discipline with specialization completed on or before 1st August, 2012., Age : 21 years as on 0/08/2012. There is no upper age limit for the National Eligibility Test.

        Fee : The candidates seeking admission to examination must pay to the Board a fee of Rs. 1000/- (Rs.500/- for OBC and Rs. 250/- for SC/ST/PWD candidates) through a Crossed Bank Draft only, drawn in favour of Secretary, ASRB and payable at New Delhi with the application form. Candidates should write their name and address on the reverse of the Bank Draft. 

        Last Date : The complete application form must reach the Secretary, Agricultural Scientists Recruitment Board, Krishi Anusandhan Bhavan, Pusa, New Delhi-110012 post or delivered in person on or before 20/11/2012. Last date is 04/12/2012 for candidates from far-flung areas. 

        Please View  for complete details and Application Form.  The Syllabus of the exam is available at  Syllabus link at 

        Answer key laboratory assistant exam on 13-10-2012.

        Upload the question paper to get it solved .

        Saturday, October 13, 2012

        IBPS conducts Written Exam (CWE) 2012 for Clerical Cadre

        IBPS, an autonomous body, has been authorised by the IBA and has received mandates from 19 Public Sector Banks to conduct the recruitment of Clerical Cadre posts twice in a year for their requirements. 

        A Common Written Examination (CWE) will be conducted tentatively in December 2012. by the IBPS as a pre-requisites for selection of personnel for Clerical Cadre posts in the following 20 Public Sector Banks (Some other private banks are also accepting IBPS CWE Score card for their recruitment)  

        • Allahabad Banks / Andhra Bank/ Bank of Baroda/ Bank of India/ Bank of Maharashtra/ Canara Bank/ Central Bank of India/ Corporation Bank/ Dena Bank/ IDBI Bank/ Indian Bank/ Indian Overseas Bank/ Oriental Bank of Commerce/ Punjab National Bank/ Punjab & Sind Bank/ Syndicate Bank/ Union Bank of India/ United Bank of India/ UCO Bank/ Vijaya Bank
        Those will be successful in the Common Written Exam (CWE) will be given a scorecard (Like CAT exam of IIM) and may apply to any of the participating bank when they come up with their job vacancy and then these successful candidates have quote their personal details and their CWE scores.

         Each of the bank will issue individual recruitment notifications, details of  vacancies, eligibility criteria etc. separately.

        Clerical posts :
        • Age : 20-28  years as on 01/10/2012, age relaxation as per rules for SC/ST/OBC/ PWDs/ Ex.-SM
        • Qualification : Degree in any discipline or any equivalent qualification  and Computer literacy : Operating and working knowledge in computer systems is mandatory i.e. candidates should have Certificate/Diploma/Degree in computer operations/ Language/ should have studied Computer / Information Technology as one of the subjects in the High School/ College/ Institute. Proficiency in the Official Language of the State/UT (candidates should know how to
          read/ write and speak the Official Language of the State/UT) for which vacancies a
          candidate wishes to apply is preferable.
        Application Fee : Rs. 400/- (Rs.50/- for SC/ST/PWD candidates) can be paid online at the time of filling the application form online through Online Payment Gateways of the Banks/ Credit Card  OR through NEFT OR to be deposited in CBS branches of 6  bank out of 19 bank (for fee details please see detailed advertisement carefully before payment) . Keep the details/receipts of the fee submission safely as it is to be shown at the time of written test.

        How to Apply for CWE :  Candidates need to apply Online at IBS website from 15/10/2012 to 05/11/2012 only.

        Please visit  for all the details available and to submit the application online from 15/10/2012 onward.

        Thursday, October 11, 2012

        Excise Preventive Officer in Excise (Excise and Prohibition Subordinate Service) : KPSC

        Gazette Date: 29/09/2012
        Last Date: 31/10/2012
        Category No:  503/2012 

        Applications must be submitted online through  the official website of the Commission after
        'ONE TIME REGISTRATION' .Candidates who have already registered can apply through their
        1 Department : Excise (Excise and Prohibition Subordinate Service)
        2 Name of post : Excise Preventive Officer
        3 Scale of pay : ` 13900-24040 
        4 Number of vacancies : 38 (Thirty Eight) (For NJD turns only)
                             The above NJD  vacancies   are now in  existence.  The list of selected candidates published by   the Commission in response to this notification shall remain in force  for a minimum period of one year or a maximum period of three years till the above said NJD vacancies are filled up.
        5 Method of appointment :  Direct Recruitment. 

        More Details available at

        Faculty @ Indian Institute of Management, Kozhikode

        Indian Institute of Management, Kozhikode invites applications from exceptional academicians and professionals with proven corporate experience to join its portals as Faculty to steer the next generation growth of the Institute. Positions are available in all management disciplines :
        1. Assistant Professor : Rs. 15600-39100 + Academic Grade Pay (AGP) of  Rs.8000/-
        2. Associate Professor :  Rs. 37400-67000 + AGP of  Rs.9500/-
        3. Professor : Rs.37400-67000 + AGP of  Rs.10500/-
        Areas : 
        • Economics: Public Policy, International Economics, Industrial Organization, etc.
        • Finance, Accounting & Control: Management Accounting, Financial Management, Securities, etc.
        • IT& Systems: ERP, E-Business, BPR, etc.
        • Marketing: Strategic Marketing, Retailing, Marketing Research, etc.
        • Organizational Behaviour & Human Resource Management: OB/OT/HR/IR , etc.
        • Quantitative Methods & Operations Management:Statistics, OR, OM, etc.
        • Strategic Management: Entrepreneurship, Innovations Strategy, MCS, M&A, etc.
        • Humanities & Liberal Arts in Management:Managerial Communication, Business Laws, Business Ethics, Social Transformation, Humanities relevant to Business Schools.
        How to Apply : Apply Online at IIM Kozhikode website  up to 31/10/2012 only.  

        Please view  for details and apply online

        Tuesday, October 9, 2012

        Recruitment of Veterinary Assistant Surgeon 2012

        Online applications are invited from Indian Nationals for following posts :

        •  Veterinary Assistant Surgeon : 308 posts, Pay Scale : Rs. 15600-39100 Grade Pay Rs.5400/-, Age : 21-38 years as on 01/01/2013.
        Application Fee : Application Fee Rs.60/- (Rs. 30/- for SC/ST/OBC/PH of MP)  + Rs. 35/- as portal fee will be only be accepted by Credit Card, Internet Banking or by cash at authorised kiosks of MPPSC at various place. No payment will be done through Bank DD or Postal Order.

        How to Apply : Apply only on the Online prescribed format at MP PSC websites,  and   from12.00 noon 10/10/2012 to 12.00 midnight 09/11/2012.  

        Monday, October 8, 2012

        Upgrade RankMaker 2.0 to RankMaker 3.0 and 4.0

        If you have installed RankMaker in your PC , You can now upgrade it to newer versions . If you havent installed RankMaker yet , Please try it out.

        Download RankMaker 

        Sunday, October 7, 2012

        Saturday, October 6, 2012

        Plus Two Teacher Vacancies @ UAE

        Islamia English School, Abu Dhabi is currently looking for experienced teachers for the following Vacancies.

        Physics , Chemistry , Mathematics , Biology , Computer Science , English , Commerce , Economics , Home Sciences , Urdu , History , Geography and Physical Education.

        More Details available Here

        Friday, October 5, 2012

        RankMaker 4.0 , PSC Exam Software for Secretariat Asst : Ready for Download

        RankMaker 4.0 Ready for Download
        The most useful software preparing 4 PSC Exams.
        Absolutely free of Cost

        RankMaker 4.0 
        RankMaker 3.0 
        Video Lessons

        About 12000 people downloaded the RankMaker 3.0 and found it s very best for competitive exam preparation , Memorize General Knowledge in Quiz Platform.
        Previous Version Download Available Here.

        Thursday, October 4, 2012

        Kerala Teacher Eligibility Test (K-TET) 2012 : Result Published

        Kerala Teacher Eligibility Test (K-TET) 2012
        Examination Results
        KTET Result Available here

        Kerala Pareeksha Bhavan published the results of K-TET 2012 (Teachers Eligibility Test 2012 Result) examination which is conducted for the teachers in the state.

        Wednesday, October 3, 2012

        Computer Fundamentals and Cyberlaw for Upcoming PSC Exams : ASSISTANT/AUDITOR IN GOVT.SECRETARIAT,KPSC,LFAD etc.

        Video CD for Secretariat Assistant Examination 2013

        kerala psc cyber law related questions and answers.
        Information Technology and Cyber Laws : Fundamentals of Computers- Internet Etc Cyber Laws

        Computer Fundamentals

        Hardware and Software 

        A computer system is made up from hardware and software. ie , tangible.
        Hardware is the physical medium, for example:
        • circuit boards
        • processors
        • keyboard
        • mourse
        Software is a collection of  computer program. ie, intangible for example:
        • an operating system ( Windows , Linux , Unix etc )
        • an editor
        • a compiler
        • ms word 

        Computer System Units ( Input , Output and CPU )

        Functions of CPU ( ALU and CU )

        CPU stands for central processing unit , sometimes it is called the brain of a computer.Two typical components of a CPU are the following:

        • The arithmetic logic unit (ALU), which performs arithmetic and logical operations.
        • The control unit (CU), which extracts instructions from memory and decodes and executes them, calling on the ALU when necessary.
        clock speed
        The speed at which a microprocessor executes instructions. Clock speeds are expressed in megahertz (MHz) or gigahertz ((GHz).

        Input Output Devices


        Touch Screen
        Light pen
        optical mark reader
        Bar code reader
        Optical Character Reader
        Magnetic Ink Character Reader
        QR Reader 



        Input As Well As Output

        Hard Disk
        Floppy Disk

        How Computer Works ? ( POST , BIOS , Booting )

        Types of Booting ( Cold , Warm , Remote and iBoot )
        Role of Memory and its Classification
        Memory ( Primary and Secondary , Volatile and Non Volatile )
        Various type of Memory and Storage Devices ( RAM , ROM , HDD , FDD , ODD etc)
        Need of Formatting
        Operating System and its Role .
        Basics of Windows , DOS , Linux and Unix

        Famous personalities in the history of Computers ( Charles Babbage , John Vohn Neumann , Blaise Pascal , Ada Lovelace , Alan Turing , James Gosling , John Mcarthy )

        Charles Babbage 
        (26 December 1791 – 18 October 1871) was an English mathematician, philosopher, inventor and mechanical engineer who originated the concept of a programmable computer.Considered a "father of the computer", Babbage is credited with inventing the first mechanical computer. His inventions include Difference Engine and Analytical Engine.

        Tim Berners-Lee 
        (born 8 June 1955),also known as "TimBL", is a British computer scientist and the inventor of the World Wide Web. He made a proposal for an information management system in March 1989,and on 25 December 1990, with the help of Robert Cailliau and a young student at CERN, he implemented the first successful communication between a Hypertext Transfer Protocol(HTTP) client and server via the Internet.

        Ada Lovelace
        (10 December 1815 – 27 November 1852), born Augusta Ada Byron and now commonly known as Ada Lovelace, was an English mathematician and writer chiefly known for her work on Charles Babbage's early mechanical general-purpose computer, the analytical engine. Her notes on the engine include what is recognised as the first algorithm intended to be processed by a machine; she sometimes considered the world's first computer programmer.

        John Vohn Neumann

        December 28, 1903 – February 8, 1957) was a Hungarian-American mathematician and polymath who made major contributions to a vast number of fields. He formulated stored program concept , the working principle of modern computers. Von Neumann's design for a self-reproducing computer program is considered the world's first computer virus, and he is considered to be the theoretical father of computer virology.

        Alan Turing

        23 June 1912 – 7 June 1954), was a British mathematician, logician, cryptanalyst, and computer scientist. He was highly influential in the development of computer science, giving a formalisation of the concepts of "algorithm" and "computation" with the Turing machine, which can be considered a model of a general purpose computer. Alan Turing was considered as the Father of Computer Science.

        Dennis Ritchie 
        (born September 9, 1941; October 12, 2011) was an American computer scientist who "helped shape the digital era.". He created the C programming language and, with long-time colleague Ken Thompson, the Unix  .

        Vint Cerf
        (born June 23, 1943) is an American computer scientist, who is recognized as one of "the fathers of the Internet",sharing this title with American computer scientist Bob Kahn.

        John Mcarthy
        (September 4, 1927 – October 24, 2011) was an American computer scientist and cognitive scientist. He invented the term "artificial intelligence" (AI), developed the Lisp programming language family, significantly influenced the design of the ALGOL programming language. He was considered as the father of Artificial Intelligence.

        James Gosling
        (born May 19, 1955 near Calgary, Alberta, Canada) is acomputer scientist, best known as the father of the Java programming language.

        Douglas Engelbart(born January 30, 1925) is an American inventor, and an early computer and internet pioneer. He is best known for his work on the challenges of human–computer interaction, particularly while at his Augmentation Research Center Lab in SRI International, resulting in the invention of the computer mouse.

        Artificial Intelligence , Expert Systems, Mechatronics and Nano Technology


        History about Internet  ( ARPANET , WWW , GOPHER , Tim Berners Li )

        Father of Internet : Vinton Gray "Vint" Cerf

        ARPANET : The Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET) was the world's first operational packet switching network and the progenitor of what was to become the global Internet.

        WWW ( World Wide Web )
        Sir Timothy John "Tim" Berners-Lee, (born 8 June 1955),also known as "TimBL", is a British computer scientist and the inventor of the World Wide Web.

        The Gopher protocol is a TCP/IP application layer protocol designed for distributing, searching, and retrieving documents over the Internet.

        Browsers , The softwares used for viewing websites. ( Internet Explorer , Google Chrome , Mozilla Firefox , Safari etc )

        Browsing & Navigation
        Website & Webportals
        Search Engines , Online Encyclopedia ( About Google , Yahoo, Bing , wikipedia )
        E-Commerce ( Web cart , Non-Repudiation , EFT )

        Cyber law and Web security

        Definition of Cyber law , Cyber Crime , Cyber Lawyer etc

        Cyber Crime
        Cyber crime is unlawful acts wherein the computer is either a tool or a target or both.

        We can categorize Cyber crimes in two ways
        The Computer as a Target :-using a computer to attack other computers.
        e.g. Hacking, Virus/Worm attacks, DOS attack etc.

        The computer as a weapon :-using a computer to commit real world crimes.
        e.g. Cyber Terrorism, IPR violations, Credit card frauds, EFT frauds, Pornography etc.
        Cyber Crime regulated by Cyber Laws or Internet Laws.

        Indian IT Act 2000 ( amendments in 2006 and 2008 )

        In May 2000, both the houses of the Indian Parliament passed the Information Technology Bill. The Bill received the assent of the President in August 2000 and came to be known as the Information Technology Act, 2000. Cyber laws are contained in the IT Act, 2000.

        This Act aims to provide the legal infrastructure for e-commerce in India. And the cyber laws have a major impact for e-businesses and the new economy in India. So, it is important to understand what are the various perspectives of the IT Act, 2000 and what it offers.

        The Information Technology Act, 2000 also aims to provide for the legal framework so that legal sanctity is accorded to all electronic records and other activities carried out by electronic means. The Act states that unless otherwise agreed, an acceptance of contract may be expressed by electronic means of communication and the same shall have legal validity and enforceability. Some highlights of the Act are listed below:

        Chapter-II of the Act specifically stipulates that any subscriber may authenticate an electronic record by affixing his digital signature. It further states that any person can verify an electronic record by use of a public key of the subscriber.

        Chapter-III of the Act details about Electronic Governance and provides inter alia amongst others that where any law provides that information or any other matter shall be in writing or in the typewritten or printed form, then, notwithstanding anything contained in such law, such requirement shall be deemed to have been satisfied if such information or matter is -
        rendered or made available in an electronic form; and accessible so as to be usable for a subsequent reference.

        The said chapter also details the legal recognition of Digital Signatures.

        Chapter-IV of the said Act gives a scheme for Regulation of Certifying Authorities. The Act envisages a Controller of Certifying Authorities who shall perform the function of exercising supervision over the activities of the Certifying Authorities as also laying down standards and conditions governing the Certifying Authorities as also specifying the various forms and content of Digital Signature Certificates. The Act recognizes the need for recognizing foreign Certifying Authorities and it further details the various provisions for the issue of license to issue Digital Signature Certificates.

        Chapter-VII of the Act details about the scheme of things relating to Digital Signature Certificates. The duties of subscribers are also enshrined in the said Act.

        Chapter-IX of the said Act talks about penalties and adjudication for various offences. The penalties for damage to computer, computer systems etc. has been fixed as damages by way of compensation not exceeding Rs. 1,00,00,000 to affected persons. The Act talks of appointment of any officers not below the rank of a Director to the Government of India or an equivalent officer of state government as an Adjudicating Officer who shall adjudicate whether any person has made a contravention of any of the provisions of the said Act or rules framed there under. The said Adjudicating Officer has been given the powers of a Civil Court.

        Chapter-X of the Act talks of the establishment of the Cyber Regulations Appellate Tribunal, which shall be an appellate body where appeals against the orders passed by the Adjudicating Officers, shall be preferred.

        Chapter-XI of the Act talks about various offences and the said offences shall be investigated only by a Police Officer not below the rank of the Deputy Superintendent of Police. These offences include tampering with computer source documents, publishing of information, which is obscene in electronic form, and hacking.

        Security Breeches ( Spamming , Spoofing , Phishing , Hacking etc )
        Spam is the use of electronic messaging systems to send unsolicited bulk messages, especially advertising, indiscriminately. While the most widely recognized form of spam is e-mail spam, the term is applied to similar abuses in other media: Web search engine spam, spam in blogs etc. Email spam, also known as unsolicited bulk Email (UBE), junk mail, or unsolicited commercial email (UCE), is the practice of sending unwanted email messages, frequently with commercial content, in large quantities to an indiscriminate set of recipients. A person who creates electronic spam is called a spammer.

        Email spoofing is email activity in which the sender address and other parts of the email header are altered to appear as though the email originated from a different source.

        Types of Hackers & Ethical hacking

        Hacker means someone who finds weaknesses in a computer or computer network, though the term can also refer to someone with an advanced understanding of computers and computer networks.

        White Hat Hacker
        A white hat hacker breaks security for non-malicious reasons, perhaps to test their own security system or while working for a security company which makes security software. The term "white hat" in Internet slang refers to an ethical hacker.

        Black Hat Hackers
        Black hat hackers break into secure networks to destroy data or make the network unusable for those who are authorized to use the network.

        Grey Hat Hacker
        A grey hat hacker is a combination of a Black Hat and a White Hat Hacker.

        Cryptography ( Encryption and Decryption Techniques )
        Cryptography is the science of secret writing. This word emerged from the greek words 'krupto' means secret and 'graph' means writing.

        Encryption is the process of transforming plain text to unreadable scrambled text called cipher text.
        Decryption is the reverse process of encryption , ie it converts unreadable cipher text back to plain text.

        Need of Protocols like HTTPS and SSL
        Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure (HTTPS) is a widely used communications protocol for secure communication over a computer network.

        HTTPS provides authentication of the web site and associated web server that one is communicating with, which protects against Man-in-the-middle attacks. Additionally, it provides bidirectional encryption of communications between a client and server, which protects against eavesdropping and tampering with and/or forging the contents of the communication.
        Eavesdropping is the act of secretly listening to the private conversation of others without their consent.

        VIRUS stands for Vital Information Resources Under Siege. VIRUS is a computer program .
        Antivirus programs are used to detect the presence of VIRUS in computer .VIRUS programs have unique code pattern called VIRUS Signature.  Virus programs are categorized accordingly by analyzing this code pattern.
        Neumann's design for a self-reproducing computer program is considered the world's first computer virus, and he is considered to be the theoretical father of computer virology.

        Spyware is a type of malware (malicious software) installed on computers that collects information about users without their knowledge. The presence of spyware is typically hidden from the user and can be difficult to detect. Some spyware, such as keyloggers, may be installed by the owner of a shared, corporate, or public computer intentionally in order to monitor users.

        Common Abbreviations in Computer Science

        AGP  : Accelerated Graphics Port
        ALU  : Arithmetic and Logic Unit
        API    : Application Programming Interface
        AVI   : Audio Visual Interleaving

        BASIC : Beginner's all-purpose symbolic instruction code
        BBS     : Bulletin Board System
        bcc       : blind carbon copy
        BIOS   : Basic input/output system
        BIPS    : Billion instructions per second
        BMP    : Bit Map

        CAD :computer aided design
        CASE: computer aided software engineering
        CGA: Color Graphics Array
        COBOL :common business oriented language
        CPU: central processing unit

        DBA: database administrator
        DBMS :database management system
        DCE :Data Communications Equipment
        DNS :Domain Name System
        DTP: desktop publishing

        EBCDIC: extended binary coded decimal interchange code
        EDP : electronic data processing
        ENIAC: Electronic Numerical integrator And Calculator 
        EOF :end of file
        EGA :Enhanced Graphics Adapter

        FAPI :Fingerprint Aware Application Program Interface 
        FAT : file allocation table
        FDD: floppy disc drive
        FORTRAN :formula translation
        FTP :File Transfer Protocol

        GB :Gigabyte
        GIGO :Garbage In, Garbage Out
        GPRS :General Packet Radio Service
        GPS: Global Positioning System
        GSM :Global Shared Memory / Global System for Mobile

        HDD :Hard Disk Drive
        HGP: Human Genome Project
        HTML :HyperText Markup Language
        HTTP :HyperText Transfer Protocol
        HTTP-NG :HTTP Next Generation
        HTTPS : HyperText Transfer Protocol Secure

        secretariat assistant exam objective questions.

        Q . Keyboard designed to reduce the risk of wrist and hand injuries.
        1) ANSI Keyboard 2) Qwerty Keyboard 3)Ergonomic Keyboard 4) Virtual Keyboard

        Q. Eudora is a
        1) e-mail client 2) web editor 3) File compression utility 4)Anti Virus

        Q. Unsolicited bulk emails received from unknown source are called
        1) captcha 2) worms 3) Trojan 4) spam

        4.Symbol used to represent ‘decision making ’ in a flowchart
        1) Oval 2) Circle 3) parallelogram 4) Rhombus

        5.Process of finding useful pattern from a huge database is known as
        1) Redundancy 2)Data Mining 3)Data digging 4)Normalization

        6. User defined tags are possible using
        1) HTML 2)DHTML 3)WML 4)XML

        7. Table maintained by operating system to manage disk space used for file storage
        1)FAT 2)space table 3)TAT 4)Index table

        8. Symbol used to make an absolute reference to column in MS Excel
        1)$ 2)@ 3)# 4)&

        9. What does pixel means
        1)Picture element 2)Storage unit 3)speed factor 4)None of these

        10.SEO technics, attempt unfairly to redirect search results to a particular target page
        1.Spoofing 2.Spamdexing 3.Optimizing 4.Querying

        11.The terms SaaS and PaaS related to
        1.Data Security 2.MS Office 3.Cloud computing 4.Artificial Intelligence

        psc secretariat assistant exam. related to cyberlaws
        cyber laws psc questions  for  Secretariat Assistant exam

        IT , Computer and cyber law questions for sec assistant exams.kerala psc cyberlaw related questions and answers , Cyberlaw IT ACT 2000 etc

        Western Railway Group-D Jobs Oct-2012 : Recruitment for various Group-D posts

        Recruitment  for various Group-D posts 

        Applications in the prescribed format are invited from eligible Indian Nationals for filling up of 2249 various Group-D posts in Western Railway, Mumbai in the pay scale of Rs.5200-20200 grade pay Rs.1800/- (age : 18-33 years as on 01/01/2013) :

        •  Gangman/ Trackman, Helper, Platform Porter,  Safaiwala, Waiter & Cleaner etc.
        Application Fee : Rs.40/- to be paid in any branch of State Bank of India through a payment challan.  Candidates belonging to SC/ST, PWD(PH), Women, Minority Communities and Economically Backward Classes/Sections are exempted from payment of examination fees. 

        How to Apply : Applications in the prescribed format complete in all respects along with required enclosures should be sent on or before 24/11/2012.

        Please visit  at Western Railways website for all the  details and application format.

        Tuesday, October 2, 2012

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